JOGJA TOUR DRIVER TO BOROBUDUR TEMPLE

JOGJA TOUR DRIVER TO BOROBUDUR TEMPLE


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This is the Jogja tour driver to the famous Borobudur Temple and a heritage site of Indonesian history and civilization. With me Mr.Yono Jogja travel and driver guide  trips are ready to accompany you. 

Welcome to the Borobudur temple of Indonesia,  Borobudur is the largest temple in the world.  I will invite you to see the greatest historical work history on the island of Java which is part of 7 wonders in the world.  Where the location of Borobudur temple is quite far from the city of Yogyakarta. You can use the jogja tour driver service while concurrently as your tour guide. This is a cheap Borobudur temple tour that we deliberately present to you so that you can use Jogja Trip Travel as a convenient means of transportation to the tourist attractions with the Borobudur temple in Central Java IndonesiaA trip to Borobudur temple which is at once in one other interesting and beautiful location or take a tour of the canvast adventure to the beach in Jogjakarta and surrounding areas. 


#BOROBUDUR TEMPLE STUPAS

This monument is a model of the universe and was built as a sacred place to glorify the Buddha and also functions as a place of pilgrimage to guide humanity to move from the world of lust to enlightenment and wisdom in accordance with Buddhist teachings. Pilgrims enter through the east side and start the ritual at the base of the temple by walking around the sacred building in a clockwise direction, while continuing to move up to the next step through three levels of fields in Buddhist cosmology. These three levels are Kāmadhātu (the realm of lust), Rupadhatu (the realm of form), and Arupadhatu (the intangible realm). On the way the pilgrims walk through a series of aisles and stairs by watching no less than 1,460 beautiful relief panels carved on the wall and ledge.


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This monument consists of six square-shaped terraces where there are three circular courtyards, the walls are decorated with 2,672 relief panels and initially there are 504 Buddha statues. Borobudur has the most complete and most extensive collection of Buddhist reliefs in the world. 


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The largest main stupa is located in the center and crowns this building, surrounded by three circular lines of 72 hollow stupas where there is a Buddha statue sitting cross-legged in a perfect lotus position with a mudra (hand gesture) Dharmachakra mudra (turning the wheel of dharma).



BOROBUDUR TEMPLE STORY


According to historical evidence, Borobudur was abandoned in the 14th century as the weakening influence of the Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms on Java and the entry of Islamic influence. [6] The world began to realize the existence of this building since it was discovered in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, who at that time served as Governor General of England over Java. Since then Borobudur has experienced a series of rescue and restoration efforts (repairs). The largest restoration project was held in the period 1975 to 1982 under the efforts of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and UNESCO, then this historic site was included in the list of World Heritage Sites.

There is no written evidence that explains who built Borobudur and what its uses are. Some say that Borobudur temple was built by Samartungga. The time of its construction is estimated based on a comparison between the types of characters written on the closed leg of Karmawibhangga and the types of characters commonly used in royal inscriptions of the 8th and 9th centuries. It is estimated that Borobudur was built around the year 800 AD. This time is in accordance with the period between 760 and 830 AD, the peak period of the glory of the Syailendra dynasty in Central Java, which at that time was influenced by the Sultanate of Srivijaya. The construction of Borobudur is estimated to have taken more than 75-100 years and was completely completed during the reign of King Samaratungga in 825.

There is a confusion of facts about whether the king who ruled in Java at that time was Hindu or Buddhist. The Sailendra dynasty is known as a devout Mahayana Buddhist, but through the findings of the Sojomerto inscription, they suggest that they might have originally been Hindu Shiva. It was during this time that various Hindu and Buddhist temples were built on the Kedu Plain. Based on the Canggal Inscription, in 732 AD, the religious king Shiva Sanjaya ordered the construction of the sacred Shiwalingga building built in the hills of Mount Wukir, located only 10 km (6.2 mi) east of Borobudur. Borobudur Buddhist Temple was built around the same time as the temples in the Prambanan Plain, although Borobudur is estimated to have been completed around 825 AD, twenty-five years earlier before the start of the construction of the Shiva Prambanan temple around 850 AD 


The construction of Buddhist temples - including Borobudur - was possible because Sanjaya's heir Rakai Panangkaran gave permission to Buddhists to build the temple. Even to show his respect, Panangkaran bestowed the Kalasan village to the sangha (Buddhist community), for the maintenance and financing of the Kalasan Temple which was built to glorify the Bodhisattwadewi Tara, as mentioned in the Kalasan Inscription dated 778 AD. This clue is understood by archaeologists, that in ancient Javanese society, religion was never a problem that could lead to conflict, with an example of a Hindu king who could have supported and funded the construction of Buddhist temples, and vice versa. However, it was alleged that there was competition between the two royal houses at that time - the Syailendra dynasty who followed Buddhism and the Sanjaya dynasty who worshiped Shiva - which later the Sanjaya dynasty won the battle in 856 in the hills of Ratu Boko. Unclearness also arises regarding the Lara Jonggrang temple in Prambanan, a magnificent temple believed to have been built by the winner of Rakai Pikatan as an answer to the Sanjaya dynasty to rival the grandeur of Borobudur belonging to the Syailendra dynasty, but many believe that there is an atmosphere of tolerance and peaceful harmony between the two houses. namely Sailendra was also involved in the construction of the Shiva Temple in Prambanan. ( Source Wikipedia )


BOROBUDUR TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE


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Basically Borobudur is a stupa which when viewed from the top forms a large Mandala pattern. Mandalas are intricate patterns composed of rectangles and concentric circles that symbolize the cosmos or universe that is commonly found in Buddhists who follow the Wajrayana-Mahayana school. The ten courts owned by Borobudur clearly illustrate the philosophy of the Mahayana school which simultaneously portrays cosmology, the concept of the universe, as well as the level of the mind in Buddhism. Like a book, Borobudur describes the ten levels of Bodhisattva that must be passed to reach the perfection of becoming a Buddha. The base of the square plan measures 123 meters (404 ft) on each side. This building has nine terraces, the six bottom terraces are square and the top three are circular.

In 1885, accidentally discovered a hidden structure at the foot of Borobudur. These hidden feet have reliefs, of which 160 are about Karmawibhangga. On this relief panel, there is a script carving which is a clue for the engraver to make a scene in the relief picture. The original leg is covered by the addition of a stone structure that forms a fairly wide courtyard, the actual function is still a mystery. Initially it was thought that the addition of this leg was to prevent the monuments from sliding. Another theory proposes that the addition of this leg is due to an original leg design error, and is incompatible with the Literature Wastu, the Indian book on architecture and urban planning. Whatever the reason for adding this leg, the addition and manufacture of this extra leg is done carefully by considering religious, aesthetic, and technical reasons. 

The three levels of the spiritual realm in Buddhist cosmology are:

Kamadhatu ( Red Color in Image ) : The Borobudur leg symbolizes Kamadhatu, the world which is still controlled by kama or "low appetite". This section is largely covered by a pile of stones thought to be made to strengthen the construction of the temple. In the original leg section which is covered by this additional structure there are 160 panels of Karmawibhangga's story which are now hidden. A small portion of the additional structure in the southeast corner is set aside so that people can still see some relief in this section. The additional foot andesite stone structure that covers the original foot has a volume of 13,000 cubic meters.

Rupadhatu ( Orange Color in Image ) : Four porch steps that form a circular hallway on the wall decorated relief gallery by experts called Rupadhatu. The floor is square. Rupadhatu consists of four aisles with 1,300 relief images. The total relief length is 2.5 km with 1,212 decorative carved panels. Rupadhatu is a world that can free itself from lust, but is still bound by form and form. This level symbolizes nature, that is, between the lower realm and the upper realm. In this part of the Rupadhatu, Buddha statues are found in niches or recesses of the wall above the balustrade or hallway. Originally there were 432 Buddha statues in open niches along the outside of the ledge fence. On the ledge fence there is a slight difference in design that symbolizes the transition from the Kamadhatu realm to the Rupadhatu realm; The lowest ledge fence is crowned Ratna, while the four levels of the ledge fence above it are crowned stupika (small stupas). The rectangular terraces are rich in decoration and relief carvings. 

Arupadhatu : In contrast to the hallways of Rupadhatu, which is rich in relief, from the fifth floor to the seventh wall, it has no relief. This level is called Arupadhatu (which means not tangible or intangible). Circular floor plan. This level symbolizes the upper realm, where humans are free from all desires and bonds of form and form, but have not yet reached nirvana. On the circular court there are 72 two small interlocked stupas arranged in three rows that surround a large stupa as the main stupa. These small bell-shaped stupas are arranged in 3 circular terraces, each of which amounts to 32, 24 and 16 (a total of 72 stupas). The two lower terraces of the stupas are larger with rhombic-shaped holes, the top one of the terrace is slightly smaller and the holes are square-shaped. Buddha statues are placed in stupas which are covered with holes like in a cage. From the outside the statues are still vaguely visible. This design cleverly explains the concept of transition to a state of being, that is, the statue of Buddha exists but is invisible.


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BOROBUDUR TEMPLE RULES FOR VISITORS : Shorts, miniskirts, short skirts, not allowed. Make sure you wear trousers or a skirt lower than your knee. Use footwear Slippers or flip flops are allowed. We recommend wearing shoes, so that they are comfortable for walking, and are easy to wear and also take off. 


BOROBUDUR TEMPLE LOCATION


Above is Borobudur temple map as your direction if you are already in Indonesia and want to visit a place that is a cultural and civilization heritage in the world. If you intend to visit Borobudur temple from Yogyakarta, it will be even easier when using the Borobudur temple travel guide and it includes a driver with me. In addition to Borobudur and Prambanan temples there are still many temples that are located not far from this location. Borobudur temple review You can easily see it through the review in all the tour that I have done here. Borobudur Temple Address : Jl. Badrawati, Kw. Candi Borobudur, Borobudur, Kec. Borobudur, Magelang, Jawa Tengah.


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