JOGJA TRIP TRAVEL TO SAMBISARI TEMPLE

JOGJA TRIP TRAVEL TO CANDI SAMBISARI

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Jogja trip travel this time, I will mr. Yono will invite you to visit Sambisara temple. This is a relic of the Hindu kingdom in Indonesia which is one of the temples in the region of Yogyakarta.

Sambisari Temple is located in Sambisari Hamlet, Purwomartani Village, Kalasan Subdistrict, Sleman Regency, DI Yogyakarta which is not far from the center of Yogyakarta and is approximately 15 kilometers to the northeast. Sambisari Temple, a Syiwa-style Hindu temple, was estimated to have been built in the early 9th century by Rakai Garung, a Hindu Mataram King from the Syailendra Dynasty. Sambisari Temple was discovered accidentally. At that time a farmer who was hoeing in the rice field then felt his hoe hit a hard object, after being dug and observed, it turns out it was a stone decorated with sculptures. Based on the report of the findings, Yogyakarta Archaeological Center conducts research and excavations as necessary. Based on the results of the study, in 1966 it was determined that in the land there were the ruins of a temple which was buried by a pile of sand and stone that was spewed out by Mount Merapi in 1906.

The Sambisari Temple is located about 6.5 m below the surface of the ground, so that the temple is not visible from a distance. According to allegations, in the past the surface area of ​​the area around the temple was no higher than the flat land where Sambisari Temple was located, but the sand and rocks that were carried by the eruption of Mount Merapi in 1006 had filled the area. As a result, Sambisari Temple was buried in the pile, so that its position is now lower than the surrounding ground. At present the land around the temple has been excavated and arranged, forming a square field with stairs on all four sides. The reconstruction and restoration of this temple was completed in 1987. 


Location Map Sambisari Temple



Sambisari temple Yogyakarta is surrounded by two layers of fences. The outer courtyard area of ​​50 x 48 m is surrounded by a low stone fence, while the inner courtyard is surrounded by a stone fence about 50 cm thick with a height of about 2 m. On each side there is an entrance without a gate or other decoration. Sambisari Temple consists of one main temple and three ancillary temples. The main temple facing west is relatively intact, while the three ancillary temples facing the main temple are currently only the remains. Each perwara temple has a square area of ​​4.8 m2.

The main Sambisari temple up to its peak reaches 7.5 m. The body of the candi sambisari temple stands on a base that has a square base of 13.65 m2 with a height of about 2 m. The body of the temple also has a 5 m2 square base. The vast difference of Batur with the body of the temple forms a corridor with a ledge as high as about 1.2 m. Its height causes the body of the temple to be invisible from the outside and only the roof pops up.
The temple is plain without decoration, but the exterior of the ledge is adorned with a carving of a floral motif and very delicate sculptures.

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The stairs leading to the hall are located in front of the door, which is on the west side. This ladder is equipped with cheeks adorned with a pair of dragon heads with open mouths. The stone under each of the dragon's heads is decorated with sculptures in the form of Gana in a crouching position with both hands raised up, as if supporting a dragon's head above it. Gana, or often also called Syiwaduta, is a small creature accompanying Shiva. Gana carvings are also found at the entrance of large temples in the Prambanan temple complex.


At the top of the stairs there is the gate paduraksa with a frame decorated with carved paper motifs. Frame legs decorated with carved dragon's head facing outward with his mouth gaping. The same decoration is also found at the entrance to the inner room, but in the doorway there is a Kalamakara carving without a lower jaw.


On each side of the outer wall of the temple's body there are niches containing statues. In the niche on the south wall there is the Agastya or Syiwa Mahaguru statue, on the east wall there is the Ganesha statue, and on the north wall there is the Durga Mahisasuramardini statue.

Shiva, who is depicted as a man with two hands and a beard, is standing on lotus. To his right was a trident, a three-edged spear which was Shiva's weapon. This statue is similar to the Mahaguru Syiwa Statue found in the southern recesses of the Syiwa Temple in the Prambanan Temple Complex, only its body is slimmer.


The Ganesha statue found in the eastern niche is also similar to the Ganesha statue found in the eastern niche of the Syiwa Temple. Ganesha is depicted in a cross-legged position on the padmasana (lotus flower throne) with both feet meeting each other. The difference is that the statue's right hand is riding on its knees in the upright position, while the left palm supports a bowl. The tip of the trunk as if sucking something from the bowl.

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In the north room is the Durga Mahisasuramardini statue, Durga as the goddess of death. As found in the Syiwa Temple in Prambanan, Durga is also portrayed as an eight-handed goddess in a standing position on the Nandi Oxen. One of his right hand is lying on a club, while the other three are holding arrows, swords and discs. One left hand held the head of Asura, while the other three held the bow, shield and flower. Unlike the one in the Syiwa Temple, Asura, the dwarf giant escorting Durga, in the Sambisari Temple is depicted in a kneeling position. Durga at Sambisari Temple is also described as more sensual, judging by its position, the short hips covering the thighs, the more prominent breasts, and the smile that adorns her lips.


In the middle of the room measuring about 4.8 m2 in the body of the temple there is a phallus complete with yoninya. The phallus is made of white stone, while the yoni in the middle of the phallus is made of black stone which is very hard and shiny. Along the edge of the phallus there is a groove to hold the water offerings that flow into the shower head decorated with snakes.
Candi Sambisari is open from 08.00 to 16.00, with an entrance fee of IDR 5,000 per person. Hopefully this visit with me Jogja tour driver can be a memorable trip. Guide tour Jogja ready to serves you the best.
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