YOGYAKARTA GUIDE DRIVER TO PAWON TEMPLE

YOGYAKARTA GUIDE DRIVER TO PAWON TEMPLE

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Yono's Yogyakarta guide driver will take you to one of the temples in Magelang, Central Java. Pawon temple still has a relationship with Mendut and Borobudur temples. In the Yogyakarta travel tour guide and driver, visiting a historical site that is one of the 7 wonders of the world, I will also bring you some interesting places offered in this Yogyakarta tour package

Pawon Temple is a Buddhist temple located not far from Mendut Temple and Borobudur Temple. Another name for this temple is Brajanalan Temple. Pawon Temple is a preliminary version for Borobudur Temple. Pawon Temple is located in Borobudur Village, Borobudur District, Magelang Regency, Central Java Province. Its existence is right in the middle between Mendut and Borobudur temples in a single axis, giving rise to the suspicion that these three temples have such close links. In addition, its location is in the middle between the Borobudur Temple and Mendut Temples. This Buddhist temple is also referred to as the central axis of the three temples. The distance between the three temples is about 1.15 kilometers from the location of Pawon Temple to the east standing the Mendut Temple building and around 1.75 kilometers to the west stands the magnificent Borobudur Temple building.

Location Pawon Temple



The History of Pawon Temple

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Pawon Temple is a preliminary version for Borobudur Temple. This assumption is based on the location of the temple which is right in the middle of the Borobudur Temple and Mendut Temples. In addition, this is also based on the relief patterns carved on the walls of the Pawon Temple building site which is considered to be the beginning of the reliefs contained at the historic building site of Borobudur Temple in Magelang Regency.

An ancient expert, Porbatjaraka also expressed his opinion that Pawon Temple is still a part of the Borobudur Temple building or referred to as part of ( upa angga ) Borobudur Temple.

Regarding the origin of the naming of this temple site, an epigraphist, J.G. de Casparis revealed that the meaning of the name Pawon Temple was the Temple of Companions. Proverb or also which means the fireplace comes from the basic word ash. The word Pawon itself comes from the Javanese language 'pawuan'. From the root word ‘awu (ash)’ which is prefixed with the word p dan and is given the suffix -an.

Another name for Pawon Temple, Bahasaalan, also has a similar meaning. Brajanalan itself comes from the word 'vajra' which means lightning and 'anala' which means fire. So it can be concluded that the two names of this temple give meaning that this temple is a place to store ash (awu). Casparis also mentioned that the Pawon Temple was built as a storage place for the remains of Raja Indra (782 - 812 AD). Raja Indra was the father of King Samaratungga of the Syailendra Dynasty.

In the body of the Pawon Temple there is a room that is said to have been inside a Bodhisattva Statue. The statue is estimated to be made of bronze. This is based on information obtained from the contents of the Central Karang Inscription which states that the Bodhisattva Statue in the body of the Pawon Temple releases a wajra meaning light.

Overview of Pawon Temple Building




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The building site of this temple is composed of volcanic rock or often referred to as andesite stone. This building which is Buddhist in nature has a unique architectural design, because there is an amalgamation of Old Javanese Hindu art building and Indian architecture that is packed into a sturdy and beautiful building.

The temple which is mentioned as the beginning of the Borobudur Temple has an area of ​​terraces and stairs which can be said to be quite wide. In this historic building there are various forms of decorative stupas and reliefs depicting the Kalpataru tree or called the biological tree in the middle of the coffers and kinara-kinari. The complete description of this Buddhist temple is as follows.

The roof of the temple has a square shape which is arranged with small dagoba on each side. At the top of the roof of this temple there is a large dagoba. The pockets of the Pawon Temple building which are decorated with dagoba dagoba have the same shape as found in the Borobudur Temple building.

The walls are decorated with many symbols of Buddhism. In addition, this temple also has a similar motifs of carvings with sculptures found in the Mendut and Borobudur temples. Even Poerbatjaraka, an archaeologist believes that this temple is part of the Borobudur Temple.

The Pawon Temple building stands on a rectangular floor plan, with its winding edges forming a total of 20 angles. There is a shelf that supports this temple with a height of about 150 cm. on the walls of the temple there are sculptured ornaments with various beautiful patterns.

Among the carving patterns that adorn this temple are flower patterns and tendrils. Pawon Temple has a unique body shape that actually resembles the shape of a slim body building of Hindu temples, so that it does not seem to resemble the shape of a Buddhist temple in general.

On the west side wall of this temple there is an entrance into the temple's body room. There is a Kalamara ornament without a lower jaw that adorns the upper threshold of this temple. In front of the temple door there is a ladder.

On the outer wall of the cheek stairs there are decorations made of beautiful sculptures and at the base of the cheeks there is also a dragon headdress whose condition is currently damaged. In the body room of Pawon Temple, it is said that there used to be a Boddhisatva statue which now no longer exists.


BOROBUDUR -PAWON- MENDUT TEMPLE YOUTUBE


However, on the floor in the room the body of this temple still seems to have a place where the statue was placed. On the walls to the right and left of the entrance of the temple there is a niche in which there is a carved decoration depicting the God of Wealth, Kuwera who is standing.

Thus the Yogyakarta guide driver to Pawon temple can hopefully help during a vacation trip in Jogyakarta in accordance with the Jogja Intenerary Tour contained in the package that we have packed in Yogyakarta travel tour guide and driver. Also join Jogja tour package for other interesting places besides Yogyakarta, Solo, Surabaya, Bali and Lombok with us.


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