YOGYAKARTA TRAVEL GUIDE TO MENDUT TEMPLE

 JOGYAKARTA TRAVEL GUIDE TO MENDUT TEMPLE 

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Candi Mendut Jogyakarta
In the Yogyakarta travel guide to Mendut temple I will invite you to see the relics of the kingdom of the past that have the style of Buddhism. In several other temples in central Java, the influence of Buddhism can be seen from the reliefs and stupas of the Mendut temple. As a Yogyakarta travel agency, besides offering the following trips, a driver with an educational tour, don't forget, we also offer in Jogja tour Packages that are fun for interludes so you don't get bored.


#MENDUT TEMPLE HISTORY
Mendut Temple was first rediscovered in 1836. All Mendut temple buildings were found except for the roof. In 1897-1904, the Dutch East Indies government made the first restoration effort with satisfactory results, although it was far from perfect. The temple's feet and body have been successfully reconstructed. In 1908 it was led by Van Erp and Mendut Temple restoration, by perfecting the shape of the roof and replacing the stupa and repairing several roof tops. Recovery was stopped due to lack of funds. But back in 1925.

Mendut Temple has a rectangular floor plan and the overall height of the Mendut temple is 26.40 m. The body of this Buddhist temple stands right on top of Batur and is about 2 m high, on the surface of Batur there is a wide hallway. For the walls of the foot of the temple itself is decorated with 31 panels containing various relief stories with beautiful flower carvings and channels.

MANDUT TEMPLE BUILDING

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Candi Mandut Jogyakarta
The Mendut temple building itself is actually a neatly arranged brick and then on the outside of the temple it is covered with natural stone. The building is located on a high basemant so it looks more sturdy and graceful and the stairs go up to the entrance that faces southwest. at the top of the basemant there is a hallway that surrounds the body of the temple and the third level roof and is decorated with small stupas. Until now, there are 48 small stupas installed and the temple building has a height of 26.4 meters.

Mendut Temple itself was founded during the reign of King Indra of the Syailendra dynasty. At the time of the coral inscription it was mentioned that Raja Indra had built a sacred building called wenuwan which means bamboo forest. This word is associated with Mendut Temple by an expert from the Netherlands named J.G. De Casparis.

Inside the Mandut Temple building there are many decorations on the wall, what are the following decorations on the Mendut Temple wall ?. There are several parts of the Mendut temple which have several stupas as a characteristic of this temple.
    yogyakarta travel guide, Candi Mandut
    Candi Mandut Jogyakarta
The cheek wall of the stairs is decorated with carved panels depicting various stories containing Buddhist teachings. The base of the stairs' cheeks are adorned with a pair of dragon heads whose mouths are wide open, while inside their mouths are animals that resemble lions. Under the dragon's head is a panel depicting dwarf creatures like Gana. The roof of the temple consists of three cubes which are arranged increasingly up and down, almost similar to the roof of the temple in Dieng and the Gedongsanga Temple Complex. Around the cube is decorated with 48 small stupas and the top of the roof is no longer left so that the original shape is no longer known. 
yogyakarta travel guide, relief Kuwera mendut temple
Candi Mandut Jogyakarta

The inside walls of the room are decorated with Kuwera or Avataka reliefs and Hariti reliefs. The Kuwera reliefs are carved into the north wall, Hariti reliefs are carved into the south wall. Kuwera is a human-eating giant who repents after meeting Buddha and turns into a god of wealth and protector of children. Kuwera also has a wife named Hariti, who was originally a human-eating giant like her husband, Kawera. Like her husband, Hariti repented after meeting Buddha and later became a protector for children. The Kuwera and Hariti reliefs are found in many Tantrayana Buddhist temples, such as Sewu Temple, Banyuniba Temple and Kalasan Temple.
yogyakarta travel guide, relief Bodhisatwa mendut temple
Candi Mandut Jogyakarta
On the east wall there are reliefs from the Bodhisattvas. In this relief the Buddha is depicted as a figure with four hands standing in a place that looks like a phallus. The clothes worn are royal clothing and around his head emit divine light. The back left hand holds the book while the back right hand holds the prayer beads and the two front hands describe the varamudra attitude, that is, the Buddha cross-legged with the grace of the hand and the left hand holding the lotus flower that comes out of the ship.

yogyakarta travel guide, Dewi Tara Mendut Temple Relief
Dewi Tara Mendut Temple Relief


On the north side of the wall, a relief was carved, depicting Dewi Tara sitting on a padmasana and flanked by two men. In this relief, Tara is described as an eight-handed goddess. The four left hands each hold oysters, wajras, chakras, and also rosaries. Whereas the four right hands each hold a saucer, ax, stick, and book.


yogyakarta travel guide, relief Sarwaniwaranawiskhambi candi mendut
relief Sarwaniwaranawiskhambi candi mendut


On the west wall (front), to the north of the entrance, there is a relief Sarwaniwaranawiskhambi. Sarwaniwaranawiskhambi is depicted standing under an umbrella. The clothes she was wearing were royal attire.

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Bodhisattva.candi mendut jogyakarta

On the right, facing south
, there is the Avalokiteswara Bodhisattva Statue, which is a Buddha as a human helper. The Buddha is depicted in a seated position with his left leg folded and his right leg straight down. The sole of the right foot is mounted on a small lotus pillow. To the left of the room, facing north, there is a statue of Maitreya, who is a Bodhisattva who frees humans who sit with simhakarnamudra posture, similar to the vitarkamudra attitude but with closed fingers. The three statues in the room are equipped with 'prabha' or divine light around his head.

MENDUT TEMPLE LOCATION


Mendut Temple is located in Yogyakarta travel map in Mendut Village Mungkid District, Magelang Regency, Central Java, about 38 km to the northwest of Yogyakarta. This location is only about 3 km from the Barabudhur Temple, which is believed to have a close relationship with Pawon Temple and Mendut Temple, all three of which are located in a straight line north and south. The certainty of the construction of Mendut Temple is unknown, but J.G. de Casparis suspects that Mendut Temple was first built by the first king of the Syailendra dynasty in 824 AD This estimate is based on the contents of the Central Karang Inscription (824 AD), which states that Raja Indra had made a sacred building called Wenuwana. Then Casparis interpreted Wenuwana (bamboo forest) as Mendut Temple. It is estimated that the age of the Mendut temple building is older than the Barabudhur Temple building.


MENDUT TEMPLE VIDEO




This is Jogyakarta travel guide to Mendut Temple with Mr. Yono,  we will take you to tourist attractions, culture, Jogja culinary, and history in Jogja Region. I hope you can immediately decide on the Jogja tour packages that I offer. If there is a choice of places in Yogyakarta that is not written in this Jogja tour package offer, please contact me through WhatsApp inbox what do you want.

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